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Exploring the Heart of Restoration

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To illustrate how far down the wrong path many Christians have gone, consider the following not-so-far-fetched, hypothetical situation: Christian protesters stand in opposition to one another. All carry picket signs that read, “Thou Shalt Not Kill.” One group is against abortion. The other is protesting the death penalty. But get this. Each group is opposed to the other’s issues. The pro-lifers believe in capital punishment, while the anti-death-penalty folks are pro-choice. They begin to mock and scream at one another with such vehemence that some folks begin to beat each other to death with their “Do Not Kill” signs.

Can you picture this scenario? It’s not so crazy, is it? Does it make sense to be so opposed to death that we are willing to kill for it? Is the rage some Christians display towards other Christians justified? Is this hostile situation at all compatible with what God envisioned for the people of God or with what Jesus hoped for from his followers?

After Adam and Eve were cast out from the Garden, we find the story of Cain and Abel. The text does not adequately explain why Abel’s gift was more pleasing to God than Cain’s. There are good possibilities: Abel brought his best while Cain gave something average; Abel’s heart was in the right place while Cain’s was not; and so forth. In reality, we don’t know. The narrator only tells us that Cain’s gift was not regarded by God. There’s no clear rationale.

The reason, however, is irrelevant. This tale is not primarily about how to offer a pleasing gift. This story, rather, is about what happens when anger and jealously grow within us as they did in Cain. His rage was so great that God actually confronted Cain, to no effect. In Gen 4:8, Cain killed Abel. Anger tends to produce violent intentions, and these spiteful desires can cause us to lose sight of the sanctity of life.

In Jesus’ only recorded commentary on the 6th commandment, he warned against anger. “You’ve heard that it was said, ‘Whoever murders is liable to judgment,’ but I tell you that you’re liable to judgment if you just get angry at your brother or sister” (Matt 5:21-22).

Like murder, anger is destructive. Anger, whether verbally revealed or secretly hidden, violently rips at another person. This doesn’t just harm the individual. It’s an attack on the entire community: both on the trust & security that people feel as individuals, and on the very way of life they share together. It’s not the way God intended for us and is certainly at odds with Jesus’ teaching about the shared life of his followers.

You might counter that we live in a Cain v. Abel world, not Eden, and that this demands real responses to harsh realities. Ours is a fallen world, you might respond, not the ideal world where we can all live in peace, love and joy. Even Jesus got angry in the temple, you say, and told his followers to grab a sword and to hate their parents.

For starters, those comments from Jesus are taken out of context with no appreciation for Jesus’ overall message. And his anger in the temple is consistent with his anger against those who oppressed the poor, broken, and downtrodden in the name of religion. There is room for anger for the right reasons and in the proper circumstances.

But the thought that we must stoop to the dysfunctional and hate-filled level of our broken world is far from consistent with Jesus’ teaching—or the Bible’s overall message, for that matter. Jesus was given the chance in Matthew 19 to endorse the broken reality of the world, but he refused to take the bait. They asked him, “Is it okay for a man to divorce his wife for any reason?” The underlying assumption behind this question isn’t just about divorce and remarriage. It’s about whether or not we believe that the brokenness of this fallen world is as good as it gets.

And how did Jesus answer? He pointed back to Genesis 2, to the world before the fall, before sin entered the picture. “Have you not read . . . ?

Have we not read? Have we not paid attention to the key message of Jesus’ teaching? The key message is that God wants us to strive for a paradisaical way of living and behaving here on this earth. And if there’s one place that this should be most possible, that’s within the community of faith. If the people of God can’t begin to resemble the ideal state of things, then who can? Yes, God provides grace for those who don’t measure up. Yes, none of us will ever be perfect. Yes, there is none who is righteous, no not one. But that doesn’t mean God is content with us being lazy, angry, slum-dwelling morons who never attempt to amount to anything.

God wants us to live—as much as possible—as the first humans lived in Eden: in harmony with one another and with God. It sounds suspiciously like the two greatest commands and like Paul’s summation of the law in Romans 13:8-10.

If the people of God can’t live with love, mercy and compassion for one another, then who can? This has to begin with us. And it has to apply to how we treat one another, even in the most contentious issues of our day. If we can do it, then maybe—just maybe—the prayer of Jesus in John 17 will be less of a pipe dream and more of a reality. And the rhetorical violence of our world will no longer be a mark of the people of God.

freely-10076-preview-973x649Over the last few years I have finally learned that I do not have the authority to change someone’s mind. I don’t have enough logic or reason to ensure someone will change their mind. There is one thing I can do. I can pray. When it comes to having theological disagreements with people I am trying to pray for every single person I talk with. I am trying to pray more than discuss because only God has the authority to help change a heart or a mind.

When I do this, surprising things often happen. One of those things is this realization – Often the heart and mind that actually needs changed is my own rather than the person I am talking with and the only way to come to that realization is to pray.

The next time you are having a theological disagreement whether it is online or in person, stop for a moment and pray for the other person. Then pray for yourself. Last, pray that in all of what is said and done that ultimately God would receive the glory. This helps us temper our words and our attitudes to be more like Jesus. It is hard to pray for someone and attack them at the same time. So let’s spend as much or more time praying and we do discussing and disagreeing. We might finally realize that there is as much or more going on that is eternally significant about the relationship than there is about the issue being discussed.

Commentary - JohnTopical

Raymond Brown – Community of the Beloved Disciple
Brown’s take on the Johannine community in the Gospel and Epistles of John.

Marianne Meye Thompson – The God of the Gospel of Joh
The title perfectly describes the book. This book is about how God is described and talked about in the Gospel of John. This is a very helpful book if you are studying John’s theology.

Ben Witherington – Women in the Ministry of Jesus
Both Witherington and the next book by Bauckham go into great length about the women of the Gospels. Witherington starts off with a few chapters about women and culture in the first century and then goes into specific women. Bauckham starts off in the Old Testament to give the roots of the New Testament thinking on women in the gospels and then goes to specific women mentioned in the four gospels.

Richard Bauckham – Gospel Women: Studies of the Named Women in the Gospels
See the entry above on Witherington

Commentaries

 

George Beasley-Murray – John (Word Biblical Commentary)
A pretty technical commentary that requires knowledge of Greek in order to fully appreciate. This is one of the first commentaries on John I ever used and so it holds a special place in my heart and is one that I still rely on, particularly if I have a question about the Greek.

Craig Blomberg – The Historical Reliability of John’s Gospel
This book would work as a stand alone commentary but it is particularly useful to those who are trying to understand the text itself. What happened with the text in John 8? What other portions of the text are in dispute and how is this tackled from a conservative/fairly traditional perspective?

Frederick Bruner – The Gospel of John: A Commentary
Bruner is great when he is great, which is most of the time. There are some times I think he psycho-analyzes the text and pulls meaning out that I just don’t find there but that is rare. This is an excellent commentary and some of his best work. This is my second favorite on the list, right behind Carson.

Raymond Brown – The Gospel According to John (Anchor Bible Commentary)
This is a classic commentary on the Gospel of John that was a landmark in its day. It is still worthwhile and one I still consult at times but not the first one I go to.

Gary Burge – John: NIV Application Commentary
This is the one you want to recommend to your teachers who are studying and preparing to teach Sunday school, small group, etc. This is also a great commentary for personal study or even devotional study of the Gospel of John. Of all of those listed here, this one is the most introductory/basic while still providing plenty of depth for most students of scripture.

D.A. Carson – The Gospel According to John (Pillar)
This is probably the best one on the list. Carson’s commentary is a little more advanced than some but still readable without an understanding of Greek. This is my top recommendation on the Gospel of John with Bruner right behind it.

Craig Keener – The Gospel of John (Vol 1 & 2)

Gail O’Day – The Gospel of John: Introduction, Commentary and Reflections (New Interpreter’s, Vol 9)

Tom Wright – John for Everyone

Commentary - LukeTopical

Robert C. Tannehill – The Narrative Unity of Luke-Acts (Vol 1)
This book goes chapter by chapter through Luke giving you the various threads that connect the parts.

Craig Blomberg – Historical Reliability of the Gospels (2nd ed)
Unlike his Historical Reliability of the Gospel of John, this book doesn’t run through the Gospels chapter by chapter. This book tackles the textual issues people have brought up against the gospels as a whole. Blomberg spends some time explaining various forms of criticism of scripture and then applies that to the Gospels.

David Wenham – The Parables of Jesus
Wenham’s volume in the “Jesus Library” groups the parables around various themes putting like parables from across the Gospels together into similar groups. This allows you to study individual parables and/or study a parable in relation to similar parables.

Klyne Snodgrass – Stories with Intent
You will not find a more thorough book on the parables than this one. This goes into everything from parallel teachings of the Rabbis to other cultures, etc. You will probably find this book to be overkill but it will also give you information no one else provides.

Willard Swartley – Israel’s Scripture Traditions and the Synoptic Gospels: Story Shaping Story
This book makes a lot of theological connections between major Old Testament themes and the Synoptics. This has proven very useful in my studies especially in regard to the theology of the synoptics through the lens of Judaism.

Ben Witherington – Women in the Ministry of Jesus
Both Witherington and the next book by Bauckham go into great length about the women of the Gospels. Witherington starts off with a few chapters about women and culture in the first century and then goes into specific women. Bauckham starts off in the Old Testament to give the roots of the New Testament thinking on women in the gospels and then goes to specific women mentioned in the four gospels.

Richard Bauckham – Gospel Women: Studies of the Named Women in the Gospels
See the entry above on Witherington

Commentaries

Fred Craddock – Luke (Interpretation Series)

This is a very practical study of Mark that highlights some of the more salient points for preachers and teachers. Craddock has always been known for his ability to illuminate the text in his preaching. He brings both his preaching ability and scholarship to the table for a fantastic combination that is sure to help anyone who is preaching , teaching or just studying through the Gospel of Luke.

Joel Green – The Gospel of Luke (NICNT)

Thorough. You will not find too many treatments of Luke more thorough than Green. Darrell Bock’s Baker commentary would be the exception. Green’s commentary is useful for a variety of skill levels although it is probably most helpful for those with more advanced Bible study skills.

Howard Marshall – Commentary on Luke (New International Greek Testament Commentary)

Highly technical commentary that requires a basic understanding of Koine Greek.

Leon Morris – The Gospel According to Luke (Tyndale)

Tom Wright – Luke for Everyone

Entry level commentary that gives you the broad strokes of the text. Each of Wright’s “For Everyone” commentaries starts each section of text off with a personal story that is then used to illuminate the text. Very helpful for all skill/study levels for getting the main idea of the text.

Topical

Willard Swartley – Israel’s Scripture Traditions and the Synoptic Gospels: Story Shaping Story
This book makes a lot of theological connections between major Old Testament themes and the Synoptics. This has proven very useful in my studies especially in regard to the theology of the synoptics through the lens of Judaism.

David Rhodes – Mark as Story
This is a must read on Mark. Rhodes explains theological use of location/geography, the flow and structure of the text, etc in a way that really illuminates the text in areas that many commentaries miss. You will no longer see mountains the same in the Gospels or Jesus’ audience the same depending on his geography.

Sharyn Dowd – Reading Mark
This is very similar to Rhodes. I think Rhodes may be a notch above this book if I had to recommend just one but you will find this book helpful in setting up the context of Mark and the flow of the book.

Craig Blomberg – Historical Reliability of the Gospels (2nd ed)
Unlike his Historical Reliability of the Gospel of John, this book doesn’t run through the Gospels chapter by chapter. This book tackles the textual issues people have brought up against the gospels as a whole. Blomberg spends some time explaining various forms of criticism of scripture and then applies that to the Gospels.

David Wenham – The Parables of Jesus
Wenham’s volume in the “Jesus Library” groups the parables around various themes putting like parables from across the Gospels together into similar groups. This allows you to study individual parables and/or study a parable in relation to similar parables.

Klyne Snodgrass – Stories with Intent
You will not find a more thorough book on the parables than this one. This goes into everything from parallel teachings of the Rabbis to other cultures, etc. You will probably find this book to be overkill but it will also give you information no one else provides.

Ben Witherington – Women in the Ministry of Jesus
Both Witherington and the next book by Bauckham go into great length about the women of the Gospels. Witherington starts off with a few chapters about women and culture in the first century and then goes into specific women. Bauckham starts off in the Old Testament to give the roots of the New Testament thinking on women in the gospels and then goes to specific women mentioned in the four gospels.

Richard Bauckham – Gospel Women: Studies of the Named Women in the Gospels
See the entry above on Witherington

Commentaries

Allen Black – Gospel of Mark (College Press)

Mark from a Restoration Movement perspective. These commentaries are useful for preaching, teaching and Bible study. They are good for all skill levels from beginner up to more advanced study.

David Garland “Mark: NIV Application Commentary

As the title says, these are meant for preachers and teachers as this series is intended to be practical. There are sections of the commentary geared specifically to making contemporary application. You might expect that to make these a bit too basic but these still give a good balance of scholarship with every day life. If I had to buy one set of commentaries for a church library, this would be the set. If I had to buy one set of commentaries for personal study it would be the New International Commentary on the Old/New Testament (NICOT & NICNT).

Morna Hooker – The Gospel According to Saint Mark (Black’s NT Commentary)

William Lane – The Gospel of Mark (NICNT)

Pheme Perkins – The Gospel of Mark: Introduction, Commentary and Reflections (New Interpreter’s Vol 8)

Ben Witherington – The Gospel of Mark: A Socio-Rhetorical Commentary

Tom Wright – Mark for Everyone

A very basic and easy to understand commentary that still retains the most essential information you need to know to understand the Gospel of Mark. I typically like to study with Wright and Witherington to combine the broad general message (Wright’s For Everyone Series) with the more detailed nuances of the text (Witherington).

Commentary - ActsTopical

Evertt Ferguson – Backgrounds of Early Christianity
This is a standard work in New Testament studies. Ferguson also comes from a Church of Christ background and has taught at ACU for many years. This is a must have book for any student of the New Testament with thorough articles on hundreds of relevant topics.

Wayne Meeks – The First Urban Christians: The Social World of the Apostle Paul
This is one of the standard reference works on early Christianity and is a fantastic read on the cities of the ancient world and the impact of those various cultures on the spread of Christianity. The only thing I don’t like about the book is Meeks’ doesn’t believe all of the NT epistles of Paul were written by Paul. He believes some of them were written by disciples of Paul. That doesn’t take much away from the quality of the book is one of the most helpful books out there on this topic.

Rodney Stark – The Rise of Christianity
This book is a mix of sociology, history and theology. Stark covers a lot of the social and demographic topics that are relevant to the study of Acts. This book is a great compliment to Wayne Meeks’ book “The First Urban Christians.”

Frank Viola – The Untold Story of the New Testament
This is a narrative account of New Testament history that is very helpful in explaining the chronology of Acts and Paul’s ministry and how that fits together with the books of the New Testament. This would be a good introduction to the New Testament.

Commentaries

F.F. Bruce – The Book of Acts (NICNT)

This is a classic work on the book of Acts that is a bit dated at this point but still an excellent book that deserves attention.

C.K. Barrett – Acts: A Shorter Commentary

This book is also a bit dated now along with Bruce. Barrett provides quite a bit of detail and background material that I have found helpful in my studies. Like Bruce, very worthwhile but also good to use alongside newer resources like Keener and Witherington.

Jacob Jervell – Luke and the People of God

This is a must read for studying Acts. It isn’t a commentary but his work on Paul and Judaism is exceptional. This is a landmark book.

Craig Keener – Acts: An Exegetical Commentary (Baker)

This is a fantastic set of commentaries that covers everything you could imagine in the book of Acts. Keener has cited over 50,000 extra biblical resources in his extensive study. It is a bit pricey but you get what you pay for.

Charles Talbert – Reading Acts: A Literary and Theological Commentary

In my last study on Acts I used Talbert along with Keener and Barret and found Talbert a nice complement to the others. He gives you the gist, helpful information along the way (small pieces of background, etc that help things come to life) along with the structure and flow of the book.

Ben Witherington – Acts of the Apostles: A Socio-Rhetorical Commentary

If you are looking for a single volume commentary on Acts, this is the first book you should go to followed by Bruce/Barrett.

Tom Wright – Acts for Everyone
I have used this on a few occasions and found it helpful to get the gist of Acts. Wright is very readable and will give you the broader theological sweep of what is going on. I really like using Wright’s “For Everyone” along side Witherington’s “Socio-Rhetorical” commentaries.

Topical

Commentary - MatthewWillard Swartley – Israel’s Scripture Traditions and the Synoptic Gospels: Story Shaping Story
This book makes a lot of theological connections between major Old Testament themes and the Synoptics. This has proven very useful in my studies especially in regard to the theology of the synoptics through the lens of Judaism.

Craig Blomberg – Historical Reliability of the Gospels (2nd ed)
Unlike his Historical Reliability of the Gospel of John, this book doesn’t run through the Gospels chapter by chapter. This book tackles the textual issues people have brought up against the gospels as a whole. Blomberg spends some time explaining various forms of criticism of scripture and then applies that to the Gospels.

David Wenham – The Parables of Jesus
Wenham’s volume in the “Jesus Library” groups the parables around various themes putting like parables from across the Gospels together into similar groups. This allows you to study individual parables and/or study a parable in relation to similar parables.

Klyne Snodgrass – Stories with Intent
You will not find a more thorough book on the parables than this one. This goes into everything from parallel teachings of the Rabbis to other cultures, etc. You will probably find this book to be overkill but it will also give you information no one else provides.

D.A. Carson – Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount
This book actually covers Matthew 5-10 and draws together a broader context for the sermon on the mount than just the sermon itself. Part 1 is the sermon (Matthew 5-7). Part 2 displays Jesus living it out in what Carson calls Jesus’ “confrontation with the world.”

Randy Harris – Living Jesus
Harris’ typical conversational and humorous style unpacks what Jesus had to say in the sermon on the mount. This is a fantastic introduction to the ethics of the sermon on the mount that I would recommend not just for people studying the sermon on the mount but also for people who just want a closer relationship with God and others. This would be a great devotional book for personal study and reflection.

N.T. Wright – The Lord and His Prayer
If you are studying the Lord’s Prayer this book is a must read. As always, Wright’s theology and connection with various themes that shine through in the Lord’s prayer are rich and applicable.

Ben Witherington – Women in the Ministry of Jesus
Both Witherington and the next book by Bauckham go into great length about the women of the Gospels. Witherington starts off with a few chapters about women and culture in the first century and then goes into specific women. Bauckham starts off in the Old Testament to give the roots of the New Testament thinking on women in the gospels and then goes to specific women mentioned in the four gospels.

Richard Bauckham – Gospel Women: Studies of the Named Women in the Gospels
See the entry above on Witherington

Commentaries

Eugene Boring – “Matthew” (New Interpreter’s Bible, Vol 8)

Frederick Bruner

Bruner’s work is excellent. He is thorough and yet still readable. Most people will find his work helpful no matter what your skill/expertise level is in Bible study.

Davies & Allison – “Matthew” (International Critical Commentary – 3 Volumes)

These are highly critical/specialized commentaries that will require some knowledge of Greek. These are some of the most thorough commentaries I have ever seen often giving more examples of things from the contemporary ancient world than you can possibly wrap your mind around. These are the gold standard of advanced/critical commentaries on the Gospel of Matthew

R.T. France – The Gospel of Matthew (NICNT)

R.T. France – Matthew: An Introduction and Commentary (Tyndale)

Donald Hagner – Matthew (Word Biblical Commentary)

These are also excellent and pretty technical. They will require some knowledge of Greek to be helpful.

Ben Witherington – Matthew (Smyth and Helwys Commentary) with CD

Witherington’s commentary is helpful no matter what your level of scholarship is. There are a lot of extra helps in the commentary along the way to explain the major points, background information, etc.

Tom Wright – Matthew for Everyone

Of all of these commentaries, these are the most basic and yet still very helpful. Each section starts off with a personal story that is then pulled in to illustrate the text.

smolderingwickAs Jesus went about healing the least of these Matthew lets us in on a little secret in Matthew 12:15-21. Matthew tells us that Jesus’ healings were a direct fulfillment of Isaiah’s words about the suffering servant in Isaiah 42:1-4,

18 “Here is my servant, whom I have chosen,
    my beloved, with whom my soul is well pleased.
I will put my Spirit upon him,
    and he will proclaim justice to the Gentiles.
19 He will not wrangle or cry aloud,
    nor will anyone hear his voice in the streets.
20 He will not break a bruised reed
    or quench a smoldering wick
until he brings justice to victory.
21     And in his name the Gentiles will hope.

The suffering servant related with the suffering of the people and treated them with great gentleness and care. I wish I could be more like Jesus when it comes to applying this idea to theological discussions. Here is what I mean by that.

First, every person you encounter is a bruised reed or a smoldering wick. People have more baggage and more pain in their lives than we can imagine. People are searching for belonging and are often bruised by a world of rejection. Even those who seem tough on the outside are often hurting as much or more on the inside. They just get to be really good at protecting themselves from letting that be seen. What they don’t need is one more Christian smashing them to pieces.

Second, that means that we treat people with gentleness because they need gentleness. The temptation of theological discussion is to snuff out the smoldering wick and break off the bruised reed. The goal becomes victory over fellowship. The purpose is self-centered rather than Christ-centered. We can focus so much on ideas that we forget about people.

I think the purpose of our discussions has to shift. The shift that must take place is the result of worldly value systems and worldly ways of seeing and dialoging with people syncretizing with our Christian faith. It is a shame. It multiplies the hurt. The shift is not a shift to check our brain at the door but a shift to engage our heart with our mind and make sure we are people of compassion. I once had a friend tell me that a prominent Christian leader was a great Christian and a great person as long as you didn’t talk theology with them. That is a sad commentary on things!

Oh to be like Jesus…what a blessed thing that would be. To treat others with mercy and compassion…how fulfilling and life-giving that would be! Let us follow the example of Jesus who didn’t go for the jugular but went for the heart. That doesn’t mean there is no room to be direct. That doesn’t mean there is no room to disagree. Let us do so with love and mercy and with an understanding that the end goal is to build up rather than to tear down because people are already torn down enough.

So the next time you think you have the edge in winning the argument…their reed is bent and nearly broken or the wick is smoldering and about to go out…make sure you strengthen their reed and rekindle their flame along the way. It is ok to make your point but please don’t try to snuff out their spirit with your superior wisdom because that isn’t wisdom at all. You are just fooling yourself. You aren’t fooling God.

When I think about having cordial disagreements in the church, I often focus on how I describe others. I rarely think about how I describe myself. Yet what I say about me and those that agree with me can speak volumes about how I view others.

For example, I was in an Internet discussion group where people would often ask, “Does anyone know a sound church in Smallville?” When I would press them for a definition of “sound church,” there would typically be no response. But the meaning was obvious: if you agree with me, you are sound. If you don’t, you are unsound.

When someone tells me that another person “still believes in the Bible,” I know that the two of them agree on certain doctrinal points. And that they assume their opponents no longer hold Scripture in high regard.

Sometimes people tell me they are speaking for gender justice. What they mean, of course, is their definition of what is just. Anyone who disagrees must be promoting injustice, right?

Others say that they favor the biblical view of manhood and womanhood. I’m sure they feel their opponents prefer an unbiblical view.

I’m the one who stands for truth. I’m the one who teaches what the Bible says. I’m viewing this matter as Jesus does. I stand for justice. I stand for equity. I stand for the theologically sound, intellectually fair, culturally relevant… well, you get the idea.

Here are a few reminders as we disagree with people:

  • We’re wrong. About something.
  • They’re right. About something.
  • Nobody holds a position because they think it’s wrong. Or ungodly. Or unbiblical. Or unjust.
  • Labeling your position or your movement as “defenders of truth” or “promoters of justice” or “doctrinally sound” isn’t helpful. Since we’re all seeking truth and justice and soundness, it’s arrogant to claim those titles for you and yours.

Remember, a little humility can go a long way.

Keep at it, and you can join me on the side of truth. And justice. And faithfulness. And…

dove_fire1 Cor 12 and giftedness

Now that we have a better understanding of 1 Tim 2:11-14 and 1 Cor 14:33b-35, we can consider the significance of giftedness without feeling like we’re pitting one scripture against another. How does Paul say giftedness should be lived out in the church? The obvious place to look is 1 Cor 12 —

(1 Cor. 12:4-7 ESV) 4 Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit;  5 and there are varieties of service, but the same Lord;  6 and there are varieties of activities, but it is the same God who empowers them all in everyone.  7 To each is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good.

We immediately learn that the Spirit gives a variety of gifts to Christians. Each Christian is given “the manifestation of the Spirit.” BDAG (the premier biblical Greek lexicon published) states, in defining phanerosis, the word translated “manifestation,” that clearly Paul is referring to the charismata, that is, gifts of the Spirit. That is, the gifts the Spirit gives us manifest to others the presence of the Spirit in us. Read more »